In this summary we will be examining how we define preservation in terms of a historian. What must one do in order to preserve a historical site from being destroyed by big corporations such as General Motors? We will also discuss the challenges of preservation officers face in the past and future.
One organization that historians have turned to is the National Trust For Historic Preservation. Its statement is that we should only demolish Historical buildings as a last resort. Otherwise we should use these historical places as new homes or on page 189 in Mickey Mouse History called “adaptive reuse”. Also in Mickey Mouse History page 199 “Pro preservationist found a breakthrough”. The National Trust funded the first council of preservation in New York city to created new space for preservation purposes but not have to pay compensation sense the new area will be used for the public good.
National Parks and Services NPS offers the holy grail guide to all steps of preservation. Their site contains everything someone would need from evaluation of historical worth to nominating the site as a national historical site to congress. Sometimes National Parks and Services do not always see eye to eye with congress. “In 1960’s 1970’s park services struggled to protect endangered sites.” Mickey Mouse History page 197. The reason why NPS struggled was the lack of funding and the ability to convince senators to preserve historical sites. This battle returns today with our current president.
The eastern penitentiary on the outside does not appear to be spectacular on the outside. however, on the inside it has a great deal of history about it. One can only imagine how many innocent and criminals were kept in those rusted out cells. Charles Dickens in his American Notes describes the east penitentiary as a sight for sore eyes with no chance of re trial or parole. the eastern penitentiary also combos as a haunted house scares, which will easily draw the interest of others. The site is worth preserving
To finish, the podcast I listened to was young woman on the front lines of the cold war. It was interesting to hear her story being one of the first females to do case studies in the CIA. She was attending Washington University master program in psychology in 1951, until she heard about a “government internship”, which she ended up being a member of the CIA. Her assignment was to travel to Vienna and observe photographs of soviet soldiers that could provide a threat to national security. Interestingly enough, she worked with a man called Polnuff from Russia, who grew up as a peasant, but was a part of the KGB. He provided all sorts of soviet military plans and structure that saved the CIA about 500 millions dollars.
This article written by Randy Kennedy is well welcomed in my book. The practicality of using mp3 podcasts in museums exhibits is a swell idea. This idea was founded from students attending Mary Mount Manhattan College illegally. This practiced was frown upon by the Modern Art Museum, but this caught fire with the public. The public was interested into these podcasts and brought many museum seekers to see the art themselves. Even though this was posted in 2006 many museums use this practice as means to generate more interest.
Larry Cebula’s article explains the idea of a cell phone tour. It’s another great idea that has yet to be fully implement by museums across the board. A fantastic way to implement these type of tours is include it on the museum’s home page titled cell phone tours. Naturally they should be used to generate more interest in the museum. Also it would be ideal to create useful apps that can give you updates on what is coming next to museums.
The American Alliance of Museum provides guidelines and standards for museums. This guide include many different departments of the museum such as archives, steps to create excellent exhibits and so on. One of the Standards I learned at the Museum of Arts and Culture is that saved images must be in tiff file format. This is provided by the Library of Congress. Also the files must obtain a certain level of quality pending on size. Example an oversized 11×14 picture must have close to 7,900 to 8,300 pixels per image.
Speaking of Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture I’m completely bias because I intern there. When looking at their face book page is well set up and easy to access. I searched their page for any bad reviews and could only find one bad review out of 50 or so. The Museum does an excellent job of keeping people happy. Also note that multiple moderators edit and create events on the Museum’s Face Book page instead of just one person.
The museum blogging page has a couple of great addition others Museums could construct. First addition being augmented reality. This could be huge especially because technology can is advancing at an incredible rate. In the YouTube video where the archeologist show how augment reality works in a porotype stage. Improvements appear needed, but a good start. The second addition being game based learning. That is, making a boring subject into a game with similar like environments. For example, trying to convince someone on why museum should keep exhibits.
In Mickey Mouse History pages 81-84 (approximate) stand out in particular. Mike Wallace describes that America was not always a capitalistic society. It became that way because of massive competition when small businesses skyrocketed before and after World War 1. The battle between other companies resulted to lower workers’ wages to keep prices low and to keep returning customers or visitors. Eventually this led to exploitation capitalistic society that we know today. Note that labor laws have been created and enforced, but not perfect. However, in contrast with companies, a monopoly could charge any price they want for a product, but because they live in a competitive society they must also keep prices low or retain high quality products. Otherwise, no one would purchase their goods or services. The Museum of Arts and Culture is a great example of this. The admission seems high at I believe $15, but it offers multiple exhibit entries to the once was Egypt exhibit, the art gallery, carriage house, and Campbell house tour. That’s a lot of exhibits.
The National Council of Public History contains various job openings listed across the United States from Alamo, Texas to New York and even the U.K. This site offers multiple positions from beginning interns all the way to having a master degree in library science. The purpose of this site is to find Historians part and full time work. There’s even voluntary work for starting historians that allows them to gain experience. Their main goal is to create a network of Historians. This site struggles to find a careers in relative locations where transportation would be doable in my particular region. The listings seem sporadic.
Facing History is an article that speaks about the founder of Spokane, James Clover. Clover greatly expanded Spokane and for people wanting to live in his new town. However, this came at a cost of violating the Indigenous people’s sense of home. This article mentions the Mason Temple which was commissioned in 1920 and shortly decommissioned 4 years later. I had the pleasure of looking at the official document with my own eyes. Another topic that the article mentions was the fire of 1889, which burned down approximately 20-30 city blocks. Then Clover had Kirtland Cutter, who developed a lot of the housing in Spokane, build Clover a new mansion. The dark side of this history is that Clover was not nice to his first wife. Apparently they were not happy together and Clover filed articles of separation, which was a factor that prevented his name being put on the new plaza. Really enjoyed this article in particular.
Larry Cebula’s Northwest History blog describes the failure of mentioning the truth when it comes to interpretation of history. Cebula’s shows a list of distinct problems. To start fire place screens, thought that Americans were shorter during colonial times, a closet tax, and pineapples were thought to show hospitality. These are all strange customs a generic southerner probably would not have. I can see a couple of things being a part of tradition, but a closet tax? Highly doubt that is true. The biggest problem that Cebula’s mentions is the lack of acknowledgment of slavery. After doing some of my own research others have felt the same way as Cebula. The Baron Von Munchusen house heavily relied on slavery. It could be somewhat difficult to tell without an interpretation. However, the truth that slavery happened here is the truth because that’s what white Americans thought was acceptable and necessary ever since arrival of the Americas.
Mickey Mouse History was written by Mike Wallace and he explains how historical items became persevered. It’s unfortunate that some places have been bulldozed. For example, John Hancock’s Mansion was bulldozed to the highest bidder of 120 dollars. See Chapter 1 page 6. Henry Ford was one of the first people to start persevering material items. See page 10. Ford was heavily influenced by the World War 1 and it made him realize that life was sweet without the war. This inspired him to perverse what was left of the good ol’ days. He created the first museum called the “Green House Village.” See page 11.
In Chapter 2 of Mickey Mouse History Wallace’s biggest concern is surprisingly localism see page 43 and 44. The concern is that being a localist can change how you view topics that relate in your field as well as how that person views a state or federal based topic. Sometimes when Historians dive into a history that has an incredible amount of depth, it can be easy to forget how local history plays out on a large scale.
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